Shade Planning for Schools

iii Shade Planning for America’s Schools T ABLE OF C ONTENTS W HAT I S THE P URPOSE OF T HIS M ANUAL ? .....................................................................1 Why Should Schools Care About Skin Cancer?....................................................1 Why Shade? ..........................................................................................................2 What Are the Additional Benefits of Shade?..........................................................2 Who Should Read This Manual? ...........................................................................3 How Can This Manual Be Used? ..........................................................................3 C HAPTER O NE W HAT I S UV R ADIATION ? ................................................................................................5 What Are the Factors That Affect UV Radiation Levels?.......................................5 What Are Direct and Indirect UV Radiation? .........................................................6 How Is UV Radiation Measured? ..........................................................................7 What Are the Health Effects of Exposure to UV Radiation?..................................7 Where Can I Find More Information? ....................................................................9 I NFORMATION ON S KIN C ANCER AND I TS P REVENTION .................................................10 S UN S AFETY C URRICULA ................................................................................................11 C HAPTER T WO S TRATEGIES FOR P ROVIDING S HADE ...............................................................................13 Solid Roof Structures ...........................................................................................13 Shade Cloth Structures........................................................................................14 Natural Shade ......................................................................................................15 Where Can I Find More Information? ..................................................................16 W ILDLIFE H ABITAT C REATION .........................................................................................17 R ESOURCES FOR N ATURAL S HADE S OLUTIONS ..............................................................18 R ESOURCES FOR F ABRIC S TRUCTURES ...........................................................................19 C HAPTER T HREE P LANNING FOR S HADE .....................................................................................................21 The Shade Planning Team ..................................................................................21 The Shade Audit ..................................................................................................21 Shade Design ......................................................................................................24 Funding ................................................................................................................24 Where Can I Find More Information? ..................................................................24 R ESOURCES FOR S HADE P LANNING T EAMS ...................................................................25 C HAPTER F OUR C ASE S TUDIES .................................................................................................................26 Collier County, Florida..........................................................................................26 Pinellas County, Florida .......................................................................................29 The SHADE Foundation and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s SunWise School Program.............................................................................31

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