Outdoor Developed Areas Accessibility Standards

Acknowledgments 8
Introduction 9
Conditions for Exceptions [1019] 12
Condition for Exception 1 13
Condition for Exception 2 13
Condition for Exception 3 14
Condition for Exception 4 15
Documenting Use of the Conditions for Exceptions on a Portion of a Trail or Beach Access Route [F201.4.1] 17
Exemptions for an Entire Trail or Beach Access Route [1017.1, Exception 2 and 1018.1, Exception 2] 18
Notifying the Access Board When an Entire Trail or Beach Access Route is Exempted [F204.4.1] 18
Trails 19
Definition [F106.5] 19
New Trails [F247.1] 19
Existing Trails [F247.2] 20
Technical Requirements [1017] 22
Using the Trail Exceptions [1017.1, Exceptions 1 and 2] 22
Surface [1017.2] 23
Measuring Surface Firmness and Stability 25
Clear Tread Width [1017.3] 26
Passing Spaces [1017.4] 28
Tread Obstacles [1017.5] 31
Openings [1017.6] 32
Running Slope [1017.7.1] 32
Cross Slope [1017.7.2] 34
Resting Intervals [1017.8] 35
Protruding Objects [1017.9] 36
Trailheads 37
Definition [F106.5] 37
Trailhead Information Signs [F216.13 and 1017.10] 37
Outdoor Constructed Features at Trailheads [F247.3.1 and 1011] 39
Outdoor Recreation Access Routes at Trailheads [F247.3.2] 40
Existing Trailheads [F202.3] 40
Trail Facilities 41
Camping and Picnic Facilities and Viewing Areas on Trails [F247.4] 41
Outdoor Constructed Features Along Trails [F247.5] 42
Outdoor Recreation Access Routes (ORARs) 43
Scoping Requirements [F244.5, F245.4, F246.4, and F247.3.2] 43
Technical Requirements [1016] 44
Using the ORAR Exceptions [F202.3, Exception 4 and 1016, Exceptions 1, 2, and 3] 44
Surface [1016.2] 45
Clear Width [1016.3] 46
Passing Spaces [1016.4] 46
Obstacles [1016.5] 48
Openings [1016.6] 49
Running Slope [1016.7.1] 50
Cross Slope [1016.7.2] 50
Resting Intervals [1016.8] 51
Protruding Objects [1016.9] 52
Outdoor Constructed Features 53
Definition [F106.5] 53
Scoping Requirements 53
Camping and Picnic Facilities [F244.2.3.1, F244.3, F245.2.5.1, and F244.5.3] 54
Viewing Areas [F246.3] 55
Trails and Trailheads [F247.3.1 and F247.5] 55
Common Technical Requirements 55
Clear Ground Space [1011.2] 55
Surface, Slope, and Openings [1011.2.2, 1011.2.3, and 1011.2.4] 58
Operable Parts [1011.3] 58
Technical Requirements Applicable to Specific Features 59
Picnic Tables [1011.2 and 1011.4] 59
Fire Rings, Grills, Fireplaces, and Woodstoves [1011.2, 1011.3, and 1011.5] 61
Trash and Recycling Receptacles [1011.2 and 1011.3] 65
Benches [1011.2] 65
Water Hydrants and Water Spouts [1011.2, 1011.3, and 1011.6] 66
Utility and Sewage Hookups [1011.2, 1011.3, and 1011.6] 68
Outdoor Rinsing Showers [1011.2, 1011.3, and 1011.7] 68
Viewing Scopes [1011.2, 1011.3, and 1011.8] 70
Other Features 71
Sinks [F212.3, Exception 2] 71
Toilet and Bathing Facilities [F213 and 603 through 610] 71
Pit Toilets [F213.1, Exception] 72
Camping Facilities 73
Definition [F106.5] 73
Camping Units With Mobility Features [F244.2] 73
Alterations and Additions [F244.2.1] 74
Dispersion [F244.2.2] 75
Elements Within Camping Units With Mobility Features [F244.2.3] 76
Outdoor Constructed Features in Common Use and Public Use Areas [F244.3] 76
Outdoor Recreation Access Routes in Camping Facilities [F244.5] 76
RV Parking Spaces Within Camping Units With Mobility Features and RV Pull-Up Spaces at Dump Stations [F244.2.3.2.1 and F244.4] 77
Width of Spaces [1012.3] 77
Surface and Slope [1012.4 and 1012.5] 78
Parking Spaces for Vehicles Other Than RVs [F244.2.3.2.2] 78
Width of Spaces [1012.3] 78
Surface and Slope [1012.4 and 1012.5] 78
Tent Pads and Tent Platforms [1013] 79
Exception [1013.1, Exception] 79
Clear Ground Space [1013.2] 79
Slope [1013.3] 80
Floor Height [1013.4] 80
Camp Shelters [1014] 81
Definition [F106.5] 81
Exceptions [1014.1, Exceptions 1 and 2] 81
Entrance [1014.2] 82
Transfer Access [1014.2.1] 82
Roll-in Access [1014.2.2] 83
Floor [1014.3] 83
Picnic Facilities 84
Definition [F106.5] 84
Picnic Units With Mobility Features [F245.2.1 and F245.2.2] 84
Alterations and Additions [F245.2.3] 84
Dispersion [F245.2.4] 85
Elements Within Picnic Units With Mobility Features [F245.2.5] 86
Outdoor Constructed Features in Common Use and Public Use Areas [F245.4] 86
Outdoor Recreation Access Routes in Picnic Facilities 86
Viewing Areas 87
Definition [F106.5] 87
Distinct Viewing Locations [F246.2, 1015.2, and 1015.3] 87
Turning Space [1015.4] 88
Surface and Slope [1015.5 and 1015.6] 89
Outdoor Constructed Features Within Viewing Areas [F246.3] 89
Outdoor Recreation Access Routes in Viewing Areas [F246.4] 89
Beach Access Routes 90
Scoping Requirements 91
Facilities Serving Beaches [F248.1.1] 91
Beach Nourishment [F248.1.2] 91
Minimum Number of Beach Access Routes [F248.2] 91
Location [F248.3] 92
Technical Requirements [1018 and 1018.1, Exception 3] 92
Using the Beach Access Route Exceptions [1018.1, Exceptions 1 and 2] 92
Connections [1018.2] 93
Surface [1018.3] 93
Clear Width [1018.4] 94
Obstacles [1018.5] 94
Openings [1018.6] 95
Running Slope [1018.7.1] 95
Cross Slope [1018.7.2] 96
Resting Intervals [1018.8] 96
Protruding Objects [1018.9] 97
Dune Crossings [1018.10] 98
Appendixes 99
Key Differences Between Routes 100
Notification Forms 104
Entire Trail Exemption Form [1017.2 Exception 2] 105
Entire Beach Access Route Exemption Form [1018.2 Exception 2] 107
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